6 Best Easy Aquarium Plants for Beginners – For aquascapers, growing plants in water is a matter of pride. Especially if the plants grow healthy, green and fresh.
Unfortunately, not all aquarium plants are easy to care for. Some types require high aquarium conditions, such as special lighting levels, high CO2 requirements, or certain water parameters.
Well, for beginners who are interested in having live plants in freshwater aquariums, here are 6 easy aquarium plants that are easy to grow, and easy to maintain.
1. Java Fern
The first freshwater aquarium plant that is easy to care for is Java Fern. The scientific name of this plant is microsorum pteropus, which is a type of fern that is commonly used as an ornamental plant in aquascapes. That’s because this plant is easy to grow and easy to care for.
This plant from rivers and lakes in Southeast Asia has several variations according to its geography.
This aquatic plant grows in ponds and shallow river banks.
The characteristics of Java fern have elongated leaves like tongues with clear veins. The length of the leaves can reach 20 to 35 cm, with a width of 12 to 18 cm.
The way to grow it in an aquarium is to tie the rhizome to a rock or other support, but it is not recommended planting it in a substrate.
You do not have to worry about herbivorous fish will damage the plants. That’s because Java Fern has bitter leaves.
Java fern is quite tolerant of low and high lighting, with low CO2 requirements.
They can live at 18 to 30 degrees Celsius, and a pH 5 to 8.
This plant is so popular because it is very easy to care for, so they can be the right choice for beginners.
Next up, easy aquarium plants is Anubias. Anubias is an aquascape plant originating from Africa. They are aquatic and semi-aquatic plants with easy care.
They can grow in low light, but grow better in moderate to high light.
In its natural habitat, anubias grows in shallow rivers or on the banks of streams.
Anubias is an aquatic plant with relatively slow growth.
The plant height, especially the barteri variant, can reach 30 cm, while the smaller variant, such as anubias petite, only ranges from 5 to 10 cm.
This plant has several types with different leaf characteristics, but can still live in water with the same parameters.
If you want to put it in an aquarium, you need low to high light, with an acidity level of pH 5.5 to 9, GH soft to very hard.
Temperatures range from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius and require low CO2.
3. Bacopa Monnieri
Bacopa monnieri is one of the stem plants that are relatively easy in terms of care and needs.
This plant can be easily found in Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, North and South America.
This aquascape plant has low to high light requirements, but grows better in high light conditions.
Bacopa monnieri’s CO2 needs are relatively low, the ideal water temperature is 15 to 30 degrees Celsius. Can live in water with an acidity of pH 6 to 9, GH soft to very hard.
They generally grow emersed on riverbanks and in shallow ponds.
Its growth is relatively medium and can reach a height of 25 cm to 50 cm. So, bacopa monnieri is suitable for mid-ground or background plants.
4. Amazon Sword
Furthermore, an aquascape plant that is easy to care for is Echinodorus or often called the Amazon sword. This aquatic plant has many variants and is a very strong plant.
They are able to live in aquariums with low light and without CO2 injection.
In addition, the Amazon sword can also live with water temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius, acidity pH 5.5 to 9, GH from soft to hard.
In terms of growth, the amazon sword is a fast-growing plant. They can grow up to 50 cm, depending on the type of Echinodorus itself.
Eleocharis parvula or what is often called hairgrass is the easiest type of hairgrass in terms of care and needs.
In fact, this hair grass can be grown without CO2 injection, and without a filter in the aquarium.
The planting media can also be placed in small jars with a capacity of only 2 liters. This hairgrass can also live immersed or out of water.
They can live in low light conditions to high light conditions, pH 5.5 to 8, temperatures ranging from 18 to 28 degrees Celsius, GH very soft to hard.
This plant can grow up to 3 to 7 cm in height.
6. Java Moss
The easiest aquarium plant to care for, is Java moss.
Java Moss can survive in water by being tied or attached to stone or wood. Interestingly, Java Moss can also survive even without being attached to any object.
In addition, Java Moss grows in water temperatures ranging from 18 to 32 degrees Celsius, a very large water temperature range.
Therefore, this plant has a low maintenance level, and is suitable for those who are new to aquascape, or are just getting to know aquarium plants.
In terms of growth, Java Moss is better planted at a temperature of 20 to 24 degrees Celsius, water pH 5 to 8, GH very soft to very hard.
This plant can grow up to 5 to 7 cm in height.
Yups, as the name implies, this moss plant comes from Southeast Asia. Many are found in the Java area.
Java Moss is a favorite plant for Aquascapers, because it can be used in various forms, from bonsai, wall moss or just tucked in a rock crevice so that the Aquascape design looks more natural.
However, behind the ease of maintenance and hard, Java Moss also has a weakness, they are easily overgrown with hair algae that are difficult to remove.
With the explanation above, I hope you won’t be confused anymore about buying easy aquarium plants that are easy to care for!